Bermuda grass is a warm-season grass native to southeast Africa, and is widely grown in the southeastern United States.
It is a deep-rooted, sod-forming grass that spreads by means of stolons and rhizomes and grows to a height of 15 to 24 inches.
Bermuda grass produces an extensive root system that provides some drought tolerance. It responds well to nitrogen fertilization and produces a large quantity of dry matter for either grazing or hay production when soil moisture is not limiting. Bermuda grass is adapted to a wide range of soil conditions but is best suited to a well-drained site.
Recently developed varieties show improved winter hardiness, while maintaining higher yield and forage quality.
grass is best adapted to deep sandy loam and medium-textured
soils, with appropriate management it can be grown on
shallow, droughty soils. Although Bermuda grass can
be extremely drought tolerant, it does not produce much
forage under arid conditions. Bermuda grass will not
tolerate waterlogged conditions.
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